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# Guide to understanding chi square, regression and ANOVA outputs from spss

• Conducting a research study is one of the tough things to do, especially when you don’t know the methods in computing its statistics. For some, this may be critical and complex, but in a long run as you go through the process, it becomes simple. There are several statistical terms you should be acquainted with in order to come up with the best output. In this post, we have thoroughly discussed important terms for you’re to understand spss process. You will be understanding chi square, regression and anova outputs from spss from this article or you can also get our  SPSS help online as well as check the interpretation of anova results spss.

## Chi Square

The categorical and numerical data are yield from the two types of variables. To identify the differences of distribution of categorical variables, the chi square (X2) statistics is used. The numerical variables yield data in numerical form while categorical variables yield data in categories.

To better understand the differences of these two data, check out the below example.

Categorical variables respond to questions like:

• Do you own a house?

• What is your course, while

Numerical variables respond to questions like:

• How old are you?

• How many houses do you own?

The numerical variable has two types which are continuous and discrete. If it is a measuring process, the data is continuous. A counting process is a discrete data.

The chi square statistics matches the counts or tallies of categorical responses between several independent groups. Image credit:www.spss-tutorials.com

### Regression

Another statistical term to understand is regression. Regression estimates the relationship of variables. Several modeling techniques and analyzing the variables may be performed, especially if it determines the relationship between one or more variables and dependent variables.

The regression analysis recognizes changes in the dependent variable value when the independent variables varies while there are fixed independent variables. The dependent variable’s conditional expectation is estimated by regression analysis provided of independent variables. The independent variables also provide the dependent variable’s average value for the fixed independent variables. Given the independent variables, the quantile or other location parameters are the focus.

### ANOVA outputs from SPSS

Analysis of variance or ANOVA analyses the differences between the group means and the associated procedures as a statistical model collector. This is developed by R.A Fisher, wherein the observed variance in the ANOVA setting is separated into components attributable for varieties of variation sources.

To simplify, statistical test is performed by ANOVA to determine if the mean of several groups are equal. This generalizes the t-test to two groups or more. ANOVAS are helpful in testing multiple means for statistical significance. Moreover, executing the multiple two-sample t-tests results in committing the type I error in statistics. Output is plotted on the anova table in spss.

Chi square, ANOVA and regression are only three of the terms to remember in statistics. Among the several terms available, these three are the most common and well-used words.

### All throughout your undertakings, encountering these terms are possible, so better understand them as early as now! 